How to refinish hardwood floors?

Do you want to make your old hardwood floors brand new? Refinishing the hardwood floors is a better option. It will make you able to hide all the holes, scratches and give a new look to your hardwood floors. Many of us try to hire professionals for refinishing hardwood floors, but you can save up to 2 to 3 dollars per square if you refinish hardwood floors yourself.

You may think that refinishing the hardwood floors is a challenging task, but it is not. If you follow the guidelines, it will be much easier for you to refinish the hardwood floor. Read the below content and know the simple ways on how to refinish hardwood floors cheap that looks fine.

How can you refinish hardwood floors?

If your hardwood floor becomes old and dirty, then you should refinish the hardwood floor. Below are simple steps that will make your job much more comfortable and early to complete.

How to refinish wood floors step-by-step:

First Step:

Start with arranging the necessary tools and materials. You will need:

  • A belt floor sander
  • Edge sander,
  • Needle-nose pliers,
  • Small pry bar,
  • Plastic sheeting,
  • Protective eyewear,
  • Painter’s tape,
  • Spackle knife,
  • Wood filler,
  • Sanding pole,
  • Shop vacuum,
  • Denatured alcohol,
  • Oil-based stain,
  • Smooth foam roller,
  • Tack cloth,
  • Fine steel wool pads,
  • Polyurethane,
  • Rags, and
  • Grit sanding screen.

Step Two

Now prepare your room for refinishing hardwood floors; for that purpose, remove all the furniture, rugs, and window treatments from the room. Then cover vents and electrical boxes with painter’s tape to protect the ducts from entering dust.

If you are working in one room, you can use a plastic sheet to seal the doors; you can remove the base molding with a pry bar. You will need to remove the small pieces of the quarter round and do not remove other baseboards.

It would be helpful if you use a pencil to number the molding pieces, it will help you reassemble them correctly as you remove them. If there is any nail or staples, you can remove them with needle-nosed pliers.

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Step three:

Check the floor for cracks; if there are large cracks, then repair them first using a wood filler and a spackle knife. You can only use the wood filler for medium-size cracks; if the floor is heavily damaged, you should use a trowel filler to fill these gaps and cracks.

To apply trowel filler, you will need to use a large putty knife. After applying the filler, clear the entire surface around the cracks and leave it for some time to dry. Now with the help of a clean cloth and rag, remove all types of debris and dust, and wait for one or two hours to dry.

Step Four:

In the next step, you will need to sand the floor; for that purpose, you will need a drum sander, you can rent a drum locally. But you need to use it with care because if you cannot handle it properly, it can damage your floor.

It is better to read the tutorial before using the sand drum; after that, practice it on the large plywood sheet to get some control and skill.

It would help if you had consistency in movement; move slowly but consistently when the motor runs and stop the motor first and then stop moving. But make sure you have worn a safety mask before sanding.

It is better to sand with 40 grit sandpaper; it is a very coarse paper that does heavy-duty work to remove the scratches, old finish, and dings, but it may leave a rough surface.

It would help make parts and perform your task on only 3 to 4 feet area and then go for the next. You can change the grit paper, 60, 80, and then 120 to finish the sanding.

Step Five:

In this step, you will need to prepare the floor for stain or sealer, make sure all corners of the floor and room are properly clean. If there are any residual sand, debris, or hairs, pick them and clean the surface.

Wash out all the walls to protect them from dust falling on the floor when you paint the floor. It is also acceptable to use a shop vacuum with a brush head to clean the floor properly and remove the particles from the floor using a cloth.

Water popping is a useful technique for the stain to penetrate the wood evenly. You can add one part of alcohol in two parts of water. With a sprayer, spray that solution on the floor and make sure you have sprayed on each corner.

Now run the rag over the floor to evenly distribute the solution on the floor; it will prepare the bottom to accept the stain in a better way. But allow it to dry for a minimum of thirty minutes before applying the stain.

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Step Six:

It is optional, but if you perform, it will give you a better finish; you need to apply sealer or stain on the floor. It will help you change the wood’s color; you should pick oil-based stain in any of your favorite colors.

Now wear the mask and keep your room ventilation proper while applying the stain. You can use the stain with the help of a sponge or any clean cloth. After that, leave it for 24 hours to dry.

Step Seven:

The last step is to seal the floor; when the stain has dried, finish your job by sealing the floor. It will protect your floor from damage, scratches, and dings and adds luster. It will also improve the shining. Usually, Polyurethane is the best sealer to use on the floor, but you can also use water or oil-based products.

You can apply Polyurethane with the help of a sponge or clean cloth over the floor’s surface and let it dry for 72 hours, and then use the floor.

Final Thoughts:

Refinishing hardwood floors is a better option to give a new life to your old hardwood floors. There is no doubt it is time to take the task, but you can do that job yourself by following the above-provided guidelines. It will make your job simple and make you able to finish your task professionally.

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